Efficient Fuelwood Use as a Strategy to Reducing Household Pressure on Natural Forests of Guinea Savanna Zone of Nigeria

The aim of the study is to understand the socio-economic factors in selected rural communities of Guinea Savanna zone of Nigeria that may affect adoption and utilization of efficient cookstove prior to introduction. The project targeted rural households located in the Guinea Savanna zone of Kwara State where charcoal production and firewood collection by households is highly predominant.

Women and girls are most responsible for the firewood collection in the communities. The firewood collections are carried out freely in the wild, twice a week and within the distance of 2 km to the communities. Firewood is mainly used for cooking in the communities. Charcoal was not used by household as much as firewood. Kerosene was only use to start firewood while none of the sampled people indicate the use of agricultural waste, electricity, cooking gas (Liquefied Natural Gas) and briquette for domestic cooking.Further interview revealed that firewood collection is difficult in the rainy season than dry season. However, firewood collection in the nearby forest is decreasing and the people have to travel farther distance to get the firewood.

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